Introducing a Gender Dimension to Transportation Planning: Lessons from Policy Interventions in Mexico City

With rapid economic growth and urbanization, many governments in the developing world are making unprecedented investments in urban public transport infrastructure. But the benefits of these enhanced services are unevenly distributed and some groups, such as women, face different barriers to their mobility and accessibility, many of which are associated with gender norms. Traditionally, decisions about public transport interventions considers users as genderless individuals, without considering that men and women face different costs to using public transit. This paper argues that the generalized cost of transport (GCT) provides a robust framework to assess more comprehensively gender differences in public transport decisions, with a particular focus on female riders’ mobility and safety. This paper argues that analyzing the cost of transport tends to largely focus on in-vehicle and monetary costs, when women’s mobility and accessibility is also constrained by different, non-monetary costs occurring both outside and within vehicles. The paper utilizes the GCT as a framework to analyze Mexico City’s current and past policy interventions to address females' mobility concerns in public transport with the aim to identify possible policy gaps. The paper concludes that women’s safety concerns, along with their extensive public transport network, require the city enhance its approach towards preventing and responding to sexual harassment and violence. The authors recommend utilizing the GCT framework within the evaluation and planning process for public transport interventions to ensure women’s mobility and safety concerns are properly embedded within the intervention’s designs.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: 18p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01763847
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: TRBAM-21-03047
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 23 2020 11:12AM