Pausing the Pandemic:  Understanding and Managing Traveler and Community Spread of COVID-19 in Hawaii

In the absence of a vaccine, non-pharmaceutical interventions such as social distancing and travel reductions have become the only strategies for slowing the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic.  Using survey data from Hawaii (n = 22,200) collected in March through May of 2020 at the onset of the pandemic, the differences between traveler spreaders, who brought the disease into the state and community spreaders are investigated.  In addition to describing the demographic attributes of these two groups and comparing them to others vulnerable to COVID-19 disease, using logistic and multivariate regression models, characteristics, travel behaviors, and transport modes are examined. Traveler spreaders are likely to be male, younger, and likely to be returning students (not classified as employed) while community spreaders are also more likely to be male, essential workers, first responders, and medical personnel at the highest risk of exposure. A risk of infection score is also derived and analyzed to identify and assess attributes of individuals most likely to contract the disease. Using spatial statistics, hotspots, and clusters of locations of high-risk individuals are mapped and analyzed. The analysis supports efforts to better understand, respond, and slow the spread of the pandemic. Transportation researchers provide critical analytical capabilities and experience with relevant databases on mobility and the spread of infectious diseases.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 20p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01763821
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: TRBAM-21-01859
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 23 2020 11:12AM