Airport Pickup and Dropoff Facility Design for On-Demand Ground Transportation

An airport serves as an interface between ground transportation and air transportation, and therefore the efficient processing of ground transportation arrivals and departures is an important part of airport operations. In recent years there has been substantial growth in the use of on-demand ground transportation to and from airports, with the increased adoption of ride-hailing services. However, the current pickup and dropoff locations at many airports are along the terminal curb or in existing parking facilities that were not designed for this increased demand, resulting in excessive congestion. Furthermore, most airports were constructed before this increase in demand, and they are severely space constrained. Thus, designs for pickup and dropoff facilities should take into account the effect of the facility layout and operational rules on conflicts between the movements of people and vehicles, conflicts between the movements of different vehicles, the resulting delays in the movements of people and vehicles, as well as the spatial requirements of different layouts. The authors propose models that incorporate these factors, and that provide insights and computational tools suitable for the evaluation of throughput rates for pickup and dropoff facilities in different settings. The models and tools are demonstrated with results for a selection of pickup and dropoff facility layouts appropriate for airports.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: 17p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01763736
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: TRBAM-21-01486
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 23 2020 11:10AM