Urban Form and Transit Oriented Development (TOD): Comparison of Two Areas in Naples, Italy

All over the world, increasing automobile trips and resulting negative consequences, such as traffic congestion, air pollution and accidents, have been a matter of concern. As a strategy to contain the automobile travel by shifting to Transit, a concept called Transit Oriented Development (TOD) has been propagated. TOD can basically be defined as high density, mixed-use urban development accessible within a few minutes of walk to a public transport stop or station. Cities across the world have implemented the TOD concept. Starting with the 1997 Transport Plan, the city of Naples, Italy has developed a strategy similar to TOD concept with rail Transit. This study makes a comparative analysis of two areas in the city with different urban forms in meeting the characteristics of the TOD concept: 1) the Centro Direzionale, alias central business district, located at the edge of the city center, and 2) the Municipio area, in the central core of the city. Although different in terms of urban morphology and historical value, these two areas are characterised by high density, mixed land use and good accessibility to rail transport. The aim of this study is to analyse socio-economic characteristics along with travel pattern of both the areas, in order to develop meaningful insights regarding the kind of urban form and its level of achieving the benefits of TOD concept. The paper will conclude with a set of recommendations, whether to implement high-rise cost intensive projects in the name of TOD or to preserve the conservative urban form.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; Maps; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 15p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01766456
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: TRBAM-21-00539
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 23 2020 11:05AM