System Level Policies For Pooled Autonomous Vehicles

With the introduction of autonomous vehicles (AV), new operating schemes for public transport services will become available. Autonomous Transit on Demand (AToD) is an attractive alternative to the current modes of transportation. It is a station-based service that allows passengers' pooling in AVs and direct connections from any PUDO (pick-up and drop-off) station to any other without detours or dynamic ride sharing. A minimal necessary headway of 15 minutes ensures the occurrence of pooling. In this paper, the impact of AToD on the modal share for the city of Zurich, Switzerland, and its surrounding area is modeled using an open-source, agent-based transport simulation framework MATSim. Different operating areas, pricing schemes, and cordon charges are tested on their potential to make use of the benefits of the new mode while avoiding an overflow of AVs in the urban core. Parking demand, as well as an increase of vehicle kilometers traveled can become significant challenges. A pricing scheme that charges the base cost of the AToD relative to the accessibility of the current public transport service is a promising solution to increase the accessibility of the rural areas while maintaining a high modal share for PT in the city center.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; Maps; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 22p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01763537
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: TRBAM-21-02160
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 23 2020 11:03AM