Experimental Behavior of the Curved Continuous Twin I-Girder Composite Bridge with a Precast Concrete Slab Subjected to Bending, Shear, and Torsion

In order to investigate the mechanical behavior, ultimate load carrying capacity, and failure mode of the intact curved continuous twin I-girder composite bridge (TGCB) with a precast concrete slab, one curved continuous composite bridge model with a scale ratio of 1 : 5 of a prototype bridge was designed and manufactured considering the influence of the construction sequence. Four symmetric point loads’ test was carried out. In this paper, load-deflection relationship and strain development of steel girders, concrete slab, and reinforcement at key sections were tested and analyzed. Failure mode, crack development, and major crack width at the top surface of the concrete slab in the hogging moment region were also reported. The experimental results demonstrated that the load capacity under the initial cracking level, cracking level with the width of 0.2 mm, and steel girder yielding state is about 1.7, 5.0, and 6.3 times of the design load, respectively. Due to the influence of curvature, the stiffness of the external girder is less than that of the internal girder. However, the ultimate bearing capacity is basically the same, approximately 13.6 times of the design load. During the loading process, plastic hinge was first observed at the intermediate support section as a result of the hogging moment which should be emphasized in design. The local buckling took place after yielding, indicating a class 2 section according to Eurocode 4. In addition, the TGCB had good ductility since the displacement ductility coefficients of the external and internal girders were 4.40 and 4.06, respectively.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01759231
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 20 2020 4:29PM