Calibrating Microscopic Car-Following Models for Adaptive Cruise Control Vehicles: Multiobjective Approach

Adaptive cruise control (ACC) vehicles are the first step toward comprehensive vehicle automation. However, the impacts of such vehicles on the underlying traffic flow are not yet clear. Therefore, it is of interest to accurately model vehicle-level dynamics of commercially available ACC vehicles so that they may be used in further modeling efforts to quantify the impact of commercially available ACC vehicles on traffic flow. Importantly, not only model selection but also the calibration approach and error metric used for calibration are critical to accurately model ACC vehicle behavior. In this work, the authors explore the question of how to calibrate car-following models to describe ACC vehicle dynamics. Specifically, they apply a multiobjective calibration approach to understand the trade-off between calibrating model parameters to minimize speed error versus spacing error. Three different car-following models are calibrated for data from seven vehicles. The results are in line with recent literature and verify that targeting a low spacing error does not compromise the speed accuracy whether the opposite is not true for modeling ACC vehicle dynamics.


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  • Accession Number: 01760232
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ASCE
  • Created Date: Nov 11 2020 3:03PM