Benchmark: Climate and Environmentally Friendly Urban Passenger Transport – The Concepts of the European Green Capitals 2010-2020

Since 2010, the European commission gives the title “European Green capital award” to a European city as result of a competitive application, evaluation and ranking process. until today (2010-2020), eleven European cities have received the award for leading the way in environmentally friendly urban development. The paper asks the question: What benchmark do these cities represent for sustainable and climate-friendly urban mobility? To answer this question, the original applications of the European Green capitals and further documents are reviewed and evaluated. The study describes the transport concepts and measures of the European Green capitals and cross-evaluates the application forms regarding modal shifts, greenhouse gas reductions and avoid-shift-improve approaches. The analysis demonstrates that all cities pursue modal shift strategies with push and pull approaches to improve the urban environment and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Some cities have realized substantial reductions of the modal share of car use or have targets to (further) do so. The analysis provides the first descriptive outline (“big picture”) of the sustainability-oriented transport concepts of the European Green capitals. It is the merit of the competition that such information about cities, which can be considered to be leading in sustainable urban development, is freely available for analysis and learning. The paper outlines further steps that should be taken by research, policy and practice for learning purposes.


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  • Accession Number: 01748656
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 25 2020 6:56AM