Mobility Hub’s to Boost Inner City Redevelopment - the Case Merwede Canal Area With 10,000 New Dwellings in High Densities

INNER CITY REDEVELOPMENT MERWEDE CANAL AREA IN UTRECHT (NL): 10,000 NEW HOMES Cities are growing. United Nations (UN) expect that in 2050 two-third of all people will live in an urban environment. The dutch city of Utrecht (330.000 inhabitants) expects a population growth of 25% till 2030. The city council of Utrecht wants to absorb city growth within the existing city borders. The Merwede Canal Area (‘Merwedekanaalzone’) is the most important redevelopment location. It is a former industrial area, close to the city center. In this area is room for 10,000 new homes in high densities, new shopping facilities and business spaces. There is a challenge to realize sustainable inner city development in high densities in combination with high quality for walking, recreation, green areas. Because: more people means more mobility movements, in a delimited area with limited space. It requires new sustainable and space-efficient mobility concepts, providing maximum mobility freedom for the inhabitants: ambitious parking norms (0.3 parking spaces/dwelling), high quality walking and cycling, BRT-systems, Mobility as a Service, and new concepts like Mobility HUB’s. This abstract describes the mobility concept of HUB’s, that is being implemented in the urban plan. The building of the Merwede Canal Area and the Mobility HUB’s will start in 2021. MOBILITY HUB'S: CORE OF THE MOBILITY STRATEGY Mobility HUB’s are the core of the mobility concept: they make it possible to create an urban plan with a relatively small volume of parking, traffic-calmed environments, high-quality delivery of supplies, and shared mobility. They fit seamlessly into the concept of ‘Living as a Service’, by offering services instead of ownership.   MOBILITY HUB'S: THEORETICAL FOUNDATION The concept of Mobility HUB’s is derived from the dutch urban planning model ‘Node-Place-model’ from Dr. Bertolini (University of Amsterdam). This model insists on a good balance between the spatial quality of a location (real estate) and the accessibility of a location (quality mobility networks, level of mobility services). MOBILITY HUB'S: ELABORATION IN DESIGN PROCESS Mobility experts and urban planners designed together two Mobility HUB’s in the Merwede Canal Area. Mobility HUB’s consist of physical, financial and organizational elements: • Financial: through a cooperation agreement between the different urban developers the parking garages are shared as one pool (same look/ feel, collective exploitation and management). So the parking garages are available for Mobility as a Service concepts. By the agreement, all the homes are sold or rented explicitly without a parking space, but with a Mobility as a Service membership. • Organizational: A mobility provider provides sharing E-vehicles to end users with financial arrangements. The offer of Mobility as a Service needs to be multimodal: E-cars, light electric vehicles (LEV’s), E-bicycles, E-cargobikes, and so on. • Physical: the Mobility HUB’s get a service desk (‘mobility butler’), centrally located in the area near the shops, health centre, childcare services and the BRT-stop, directly connected to the main walking/cycling routes and giving access to the parking of shared vehicles. It is also the distribution point of cargo (parcel delivery, other delivery). FURTHER DEVELOPMENT OF MOBILITY HUB'S The new Mobility HUB’s lead the way to broadening the concept of HUB’s. Desktop research of international sources showed that the now existing mobility HUB’s are strongly mobility driven; nothing more than public transport stops, sometimes with parking spots for sharing cars. Right now the concept of Mobility HUB’s can be developed into a more integral concept (integration of urban planning and mobility). With a new typology of Mobility HUB’s, with different levels of service. A new tool is already developed to make quantitative calculations on the potentials of Mobility as a Service. The concept closely matches with the trends in urban planning: a focus on redeveloping outdated inner city industrial areas for living in high densities. A focus on new urban ways of living with ‘Living as a Service’. A new focus on sustainable mobility as walking, cycling, public transport and Mobility as a Service, without car dependency.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Pagination: 9p
  • Monograph Title: European Transport Conference 2019

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01751286
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 19 2020 4:00PM