Costs and Capabilities of Innovative Concepts of Long and Heavy Vehicles

Truck Platooning is seen as an innovative concept which can contribute to safety improvements, higher productivity, and less environmental burden in the road haulage market. Quite a few field trials have been conducted. There seem to be benefits in line with the distance of platooning, the number of vehicles involved, and the grade of automation. Another innovative concept is the European Modular Concept, which can also contribute to safety improvements, higher productivity, and less environmental burden. It is introduced in Sweden and Finland, field trials have been conducted in Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, and Germany. At the time being, different kinds of modular vehicle combinations are operated on a national basis. The purpose of the paper is to compare cost-cuttings of truck platooning and modular vehicle combinations according to the European Modular Concept. Four basic models are derived to analyse the changes of resources needed per tonne kilometre in relation to the standard truck and semitrailer respectively the truck and trailer combination with a maximum allowed mass (MAM) of 40 t. The models consider a platoon of two highly automated trucks, a platoon of two fully automated trucks according to the grades of automation defined by the German federal highway research institute, the Lang-Lkw in Germany with a MAM of 40 t, and the Swedish modular vehicle combination with a MAM of 60 t. Major criteria are related to the necessary technical equipment for the vehicle combinations, the energy consumption, and the productivity of the drivers. The cost structure in the road haulage industry of Germany and its standard vehicle combinations is provided by the cost information system of the Federal Association of Road Haulage, Logistics and Disposal (BGL). The derivation of the cost-cuttings is based on the effect of the changes in the need of resources on the cost structure. Sensitivity analysis is conducted with respect to transport distances which affect especially energy consumption and savings of driving time in dependence of the grade of automation. It occurs that the cost advantages of the modular vehicle combinations exceed those of the truck platoons. Further, the range of capabilities of truck platoons with different grades of automation und modular vehicle combinations are compared. Advantages of truck platoons seem to be linked rather to their broader range of capabilities.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Pagination: 11p
  • Monograph Title: European Transport Conference 2019

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01749313
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 13 2020 4:21PM