U.S. Coast Guard and the Emerging Criticality of Maritime Governance in Oceania

The United States is redoubling its commitments to allies and partners throughout Oceania to preserve a free and open Indo-Pacific in which all nations, regardless of size, are able to exercise their sovereignty and reinforce the rules-based international order. Oceania contains 43 percent, or about 1.3 million square miles, of the United States’ exclusive economic zone (EEZ). This means that regional governance is maritime governance in this important region. Similarly, Coast Guard search and rescue (SAR) responsibilities cover 30 percent of the region. In the near term, with modest investment by inter-agency partners, the Coast Guard is poised to provide increased operational support and security assistance. This includes: aids to navigation assistance in the compact states; hosting regional subject matter expert workshops; deploying these experts to regional collectives in support of focused operations; enhanced information sharing; dispatching senior leaders to engage with their regional counterparts; promoting opportunities for qualified regional candidates to attend the Coast Guard Academy; and partnering with regional forums and the International Maritime Organization on port security capacity building. In the long-term, with a more substantial investment of resources, the Coast Guard could explore and implement operational and security assistance models that have successfully provided presence and delivered capability in other regions of the world. The Coast Guard is an essential instrument of U.S. policy in Oceania, which continues to emerge as a center of gravity in the ongoing great power competition. To be an effective instrument, however, the United States must invest accordingly in Coast Guard capabilities and readiness.


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  • Accession Number: 01748542
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 9 2020 5:14PM