Temporary Driving Restrictions, Air Pollution, and Contemporaneous Health: Evidence from China

The authors employ a temporary policy of driving restrictions in China to estimate the effect of traffic control on pollution. The authors then evaluate the health impact of pollution using the fixed effects instrumental variables approach. The authors show that the policy significantly improves the city-level air quality as measured by CO, PM₁₀, NO₂, and API. The further station-level analysis displays that the effect substantially declines from 46.6% and 33.1% for CO and PM₁₀ respectively to 14.5% and 18.3% with the decreasing size of the restriction area. Furthermore, the authors demonstrate the heterogeneous impact on PM₁₀ by road density. They then find that a 1% decrease in PM₁₀ reduces the daily air-pollution-related standardized mortality by 0.313 per million people. The heterogeneity analysis indicates that the impact is largely driven by the females at the age of 65 years and older.


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  • Accession Number: 01746882
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 8 2020 3:07PM