Effects Evaluation of Grass Age on Hydraulic Properties of Coarse-Grained Soil

This study investigates the effects of grass age on hydraulic properties of coarse-grained volcanic soil, namely: Komaoka soil. The soil-water characteristic curves (SWCC), unsaturated coefficient of permeability, outflow, runoff, and the variations in volumetric water content/matric suction under different rainfall intensities varying from 15, 30, 60, to 120 mm/h are measured by carrying out column tests. In addition, permeability tests are performed to determine the saturated coefficients of permeability of bare soil and grassed soils. In these tests, grassed soils with grass ages varying from 1 to 6 months are used to study the influence of root volume ratio on the hydraulic properties. The experimental results reveal that the grass age has an influence on the hydraulic properties of Komaoka soil. At the same volumetric water content, grassed soil with higher grass age has higher matric suction. Both saturated and unsaturated coefficient of permeability are significantly reduced with the increase in the grass age. Moreover, there is a decrease in the outflow and an increase in the runoff for grassed soil with higher grass age. Matric suction decreases later in grassed soil than that of bare soil under rainfall events. The higher the grass age, the longer time is taken to observe the change in matric suction. However, the matric suction of grassed soil is dramatically reduced while there is a gradual decrease in matric suction of bare soil. Furthermore, even though the matric suctions remain constant at somewhere in the vicinity of 2 kPa under long and intense rainfall events, higher volumetric water contents are recorded for grassed soil with higher age. The new model is proposed to estimate the unsaturated coefficient of permeability of coarse-grained soil due to the effects of grass roots. The good agreement between estimations and experimental results shows that the proposed model is useful to capture the decrease in unsaturated coefficient of permeability of grassed soil.


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  • Accession Number: 01747948
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 7 2020 3:13PM