Mapping Spatial Distribution of Traffic Induced Criteria Pollutants and Associated Health Risks Using Kriging Interpolation Tool in Delhi

The present study undertakes to understand the spatial influence of traffic-induced criteria air pollutants and associated health risks assessment at major transport corridors in Delhi. The study includes the classification of vehicular pollutants parameters into five different distribution categories, i.e., low, moderately low, moderate, moderately high, and high. Spatial distribution maps were developed using Geographic Information System (GIS) environment for eleven districts covering 36 transport corridors of the city. The study demonstrated the concentration of three out of the five ambient air pollutants, namely, NOx, PM10 and PM2.5, with highest values in the range of 294.10–362.57, 203.99–422.42 and 333.71–541.72 μg/m3, respectively. Corresponding National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) values were found to be grossly violated as reflected by NOx, PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations with 2–5 times higher values. Remaining two (CO and SOx) were found to be under permissible limits, and most of them exhibited low levels of observed concentrations. The ambient air quality in south, central, east, and New Delhi areas were found to be in high and moderately high categories and necessitating adequate control measures. The study reported a total of 281107, 20791, 31636 expected cases of human exposure to respiratory mortality, cardiovascular mortality and total mortality, respectively whereas, 281107 and 71608 number of cases were reported in relation to respiratory morbidity in terms of COPD hospital admission and cardiovascular morbidity along the transport corridors. The outcome of the study may provide a basis for decision makers to formulate the policy as per the scale of impact of traffic induced air pollution in critical areas around the major transport corridors.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01747975
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 7 2020 3:10PM