Environmental Effects of Battery Electric and Internal Combustion Engine Vehicles

This report discusses and synthesizes analyses of the environmental effects of battery electric vehicles (BEVs) as compared to the internal combustion engine vehicle (ICEV) and is part of a suite of Congressional Research Service (CRS) products on electric vehicles and related technology. This report employs research done by federal agencies, other (non-U.S.) government agencies, and academics concerning the short- and long-term environmental performance of the passenger vehicle sector as assessed from a systems perspective across the life cycle of the vehicles. The report includes: environmental effects by life cycle stage - raw material stage, production stage, vehicle in-use, and vehicle end-of-life; a discussion of the published life cycle assessment (LCA) literature; and issues for consideration.

  • Record URL:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This report is updated periodically while the text remains available at the URL indicated above. The actual date of publication, pagination, and other features may differ from that indicated in this record.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Congressional Research Service

    Washington, DC  United States 
  • Authors:
    • Lattanzio, Richard K
    • Clark, Corrie E
  • Publication Date: 2020-6-16


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Appendices; Bibliography; Figures; References;
  • Pagination: 41p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01745570
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: R46420
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 20 2020 5:41PM