Evaluation of Driver Behavior at Railroad-Highway Grade Crossings Using Naturalistic Driving Study Data

The overall objective of this two-phase project is to investigate driver behavior at Highway-Railroad Grade Crossings (HRGCs) using two distinct, but complimentary techniques. Phase 1 of this project takes advantage of the extensive Second Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP2) Naturalistic Driving Study (NDS) database, collected over several years. The NDS study approach allows for systematic analysis of in-vehicle video and other sensors for direct observation of drivers during typical driving activities at HRGCs. The authors used the data together with an evaluation methodology developed at Michigan Tech as part of the project in an attempt to quantify the level of defensive driving behavior during HRGC traversals. More specifically, the analysis concentrated on: (1) driver response to different traffic control devices (TCDs) in place at HRGCs; (2) comparison of driver behavior at HRGCs with and without accidents between 2000 and 2010; and (3) exploration of the use of NDS data for trending analysis. Phase 2 took advantage of the understanding developed in the first phase to create simulated scenarios that resemble environments found in the NDS data. Driver behavior data from these simulated scenarios was collected and compared with the NDS data sets. More specifically, the objectives were to: (1) select two HRGCs from the NDS dataset and recreate them in a simulated setting; (2) recruit student drivers to participate in a driving simulation study where drivers are exposed to different HRGCs; and (3) compare and contrast driver behavior between the NDS and simulator data sets, using the previously developed driver behavior score.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This document was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Transportation, University Transportation Centers Program. Includes report : Driver Behavior at Highway-Rail Grade Crossings Using NDS and Driving Simulators.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Michigan Technological University, Houghton

    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
    1400 Townsend Drive
    Houghton, MI  United States  49931-1295

    National University Rail Center (NURail)

    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 205 N. Mathews Avenue
    Urbana, IL  United States  61801

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Lautala, Pasi
    • Jeon, Myounghoon
    • Nelson, David
    • Landry, Steven
    • Dean, Aaron
  • Publication Date: 2021-2-3


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 74p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01744996
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: NURail2016-MTU-R14
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC52 (Grant 2)
  • Created Date: Jun 25 2020 11:08AM