HIGH-MOUNTED BRAKE LIGHTS AND THE BEHAVIOR OF FOLLOWING DRIVERS
This daytime study evaluated in-traffic responses of unsuspecting drivers to supplemental, high-mounted brake lights using two different test vehicles (compact and full size) and two different test routes (suburban and urban). The supplemental lamps were mounted just below the rear window or at roof level. Measures were taken of brake-response and vehicle speed-change frequencies, and of the corresponding reaction times. (The speed changes were measured by radar.) The following main results were obtained: The frequency of brake responses and of speed changes did not differ statistically among the systems tested in either of the test vehicle/test route combinations. Brake-reaction times did not vary among the systems tested for any of the test vehicle/test route combinations. Speed-change reaction times also did not vary among the systems tested for any of the test vehicle/test route combinations with the exception of the compact vehicle/urban route combination: Here, a system with a single, supplemental lamp, center-mounted just below the rear window, was associated with statistically shorter reaction times than the control system. The relation of the present findings to previous behavioral and accident studies of the efficacy of high-mounted brake lights is discussed.
- Sponsored in part by Motor Vehicles Manufacturers Association of the United States, Inc., Detroit, MI.
University of Michigan, Ann ArborHighway Safety Research Institute
Ann Arbor, MI United States
Motor Vehicles Manufacturers Association320 New Center Building
Detroit, MI United States 48202
- Sivak, M
- Olson, P L
- Farmer, K M
- Publication Date: 1981-7
- Pagination: 35 p.
- TRT Terms: Alertness; Attention; Automobiles; Behavior; Brake lamps; Car following; Compact automobiles; Drivers; Reaction time; Suburbs; Traffic speed; Urban areas
- Uncontrolled Terms: Driver reaction; Speed changes
- Old TRIS Terms: Braking lights; High mounting
- Subject Areas: Highways; Safety and Human Factors; Vehicles and Equipment; I91: Vehicle Design and Safety;
- Accession Number: 00346289
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: UM-HSRI-81-31 Final Rpt.
- Files: TRIS, ATRI
- Created Date: Jan 29 1982 12:00AM