THE EFFECT OF CAB STYLE ON THE ACCIDENT EXPERIENCE OF HEAVY TRUCKS

Trucks and tractors of two cab styles--Conventional (with the engine forward of the driver compartment) and Cabover (with the engine below the driver compartment) are compared with respect to operational characteristics and occupant injury experience. Accident data from city, state, and federal sources are analyzed; the latter are compared with national exposure information to determine accident, injury, and fatality rates (per mile traveled). There are major differences in usage, including trip length, cargo type, cargo weight, etc. between the two different cab styles. In this study an attempt was made to measure the injury rates after controlling for such usage variations. It is concluded that injury and fatality rates derived from the Bureau of Motor Carrier Safety statistics are not different for the two cab styles, but that fatality rates derived from a combination of the Fatal Accident Reporting System and the Truck Inventory and Use Survey show the occupants of Cabovers to be at a somewhat greater risk.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Sponsored in part by Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association of the United States, Inc., Detroit, MI.
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

    Highway Safety Research Institute
    Ann Arbor, MI  United States 

    Motor Vehicles Manufacturers Association

    320 New Center Building
    Detroit, MI  United States  48202
  • Authors:
    • Kubacki, M
    • O'Day, J
  • Publication Date: 1981-2

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: 70 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00344609
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UM-HSRI-81-03 Final Rpt., HS-032 272
  • Files: HSL, TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 22 1982 12:00AM