Developing and Testing a Hazard Prediction Task for Novice Drivers: A Novel Application of Naturalistic Driving Videos

Novice drivers’ inability to appropriately anticipate and respond to hazards has been implicated in their elevated crash risk. The goal was to develop a driving hazard prediction task using naturalistic videos from the U.S. context that could distinguish between novice and experienced drivers. Using the query builder from the SHRP 2 InSight Data Access Website, the authors identified a sample of 1034 videos for further review. Task criteria reduced these to 30 videos of near-crash events that were split into event and non-event segments and were used to develop the driving hazard prediction task (task). Participants, aged 16–20 years-old (22 novice and 19 experienced drivers) completed the task during which they watched event and non-event videos and were asked, “How likely was the driver of this car to get into a crash?” after each video. Overall ratings for hazardousness were calculated for experienced and novice drivers as well as a group difference score for hazardousness. All participants rated event videos as more hazardous than non-event videos, but there was no main effect of group. Rather, there was a significant Event by Group interaction in which there were no group differences in hazard ratings for non-event videos, but experienced drivers rated event videos as more hazardous than novice drivers. Specific characteristics of the event videos, such as the hazard development period, were related to differences between novice and experienced drivers’ hazardousness ratings. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first use of naturalistic driving videos from an existing database as experimental stimuli. The authors found that the task discriminated between novice and experienced drivers’ ratings of hazardousness. This distinction suggests naturalistic driving videos may be viable stimuli for experimental studies. The application of naturalistic driving video database for experimental research may hold promise.

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  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01742160
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 6 2020 3:05PM