ECONOMIES OF SCALE IN PARATRANSIT: SPECIAL SERVICE AGENCIES AND TAXICAB COMPANIES
Transportation planners have become interested in forms of paratransit service that have developed without direct government involvement, namely, special transportation services and taxi services. Both services have the potential of providing a viable, reasonably priced transportation service to the elderly and handicapped population. The purpose of this study was to test whether economies or dis-economies of scale exist in the delivery of special transportation service or taxi service. The study addresses the following questions: (1) do average costs decrease with increases in ridership that are due to increasing the number of riders or special groups served within an area, and (2) do average costs decrease with increases in ridership that are due to increasing the service area. Data was collected from special service agencies and taxicab companies in the Chicago metropolitan area. The samples were subdivided by service characteristics, and average costs were compared. Cost models were developed using regression analysis.
University of Illinois, ChicagoP.O. Box 4348
Chicago, IL United States 60680
Urban Mass Transportation Administration400 7th Street, SW
Washington, DC United States 20590
- Robins, L
- Pagano, A M
- McKnight, C
- Publication Date: 1981-5
- Pagination: 95 p.
- TRT Terms: Aged; Drivers; Level of service; Mathematical models; Operating costs; Paratransit services; Persons with disabilities; Regression analysis; Surveys; Transportation
- Uncontrolled Terms: Models; Services
- Old TRIS Terms: Special service
- Subject Areas: Planning and Forecasting; Society; Transportation (General); I72: Traffic and Transport Planning;
- Accession Number: 00343633
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-IL-11-0028-81-2Final Rpt.
- Files: TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Oct 28 1982 12:00AM