Analysis of Factors Affecting a Driver’s Driving Speed Selection in Low Illumination

To better understand a driver’s driving speed selection behavior in low illumination, a self-designed questionnaire was applied to investigate driving ability in low illumination, and the influencing factors of low-illumination driving speed selection behavior were discussed from the driver’s perspective. The reliability and validity of 243 questionnaires were tested, and multiple linear regression was used to analyze the comprehensive influence of demographic variables, driving speed in a low-illumination environment with street lights and driving ability on speed selection behavior in low illumination without street lights. Pearson’s correlation test showed that there was no correlation among age, education, accidents in the past 3 years, and speed selection behavior in low illumination, but gender, driving experience, number of night-driving days per week, and average annual mileage were significantly correlated with speed selection behavior. In a low-illumination environment, driving ability has a significant influence on a driver’s speed selection behavior. Technical driving ability under low-illumination conditions of street lights has the greatest influence on speed selection behavior on a road with a speed limit of 120 km/h (β = 0.51). Risk perception ability has a significant negative impact on speed selection behavior on roads with speed limits of 80 km/h and 120 km/h (β = −0.25 and β = −0.34, respectively). Driving speed in night-driving environment with street lights also has a positive influence on speed selection behavior in low illumination (β = 0.61; β = 0.28; β = 0.37).

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01746359
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 5 2020 10:34AM