THE EFFECTIVENESS OF HEAD RESTRAINTS: AN ANALYSIS OF TEXAS DATA
The primary objective of the report was to determine the injury reducing effectiveness of head restraints in rear impact collisions. Three categories of injuries were analyzed from records on the 1972 Texas accident data set. Multi-dimensional contingency table analysis was used to control for the confounding effects of four variables (vehicle damage severity, driver age, driver sex, and vehicle size). In addition, side impact collisions served as a control group to remove any biases in the raw data. The study found significant effectiveness rates in all three categories of injuries after controlling for the presence of confounding effects.
Opportunity Systems, Incorporated1406 L Street, NW
Washington, DC United States 20036
Washington, DC United States 20590
- Best, C
- Whittier, D
- VanMeter, J
- Publication Date: 1981-5
- Pagination: 43 p.
- TRT Terms: Age; Crash injury research; Crash investigation; Crashes; Deployable head restraints; Drivers; Gender; Headrests; Injuries; Injury severity; Measures of effectiveness; Rear end crashes; Reduction (Chemistry); Research; Safety equipment; Side crashes
- Uncontrolled Terms: Driver age; Effectiveness; Severity
- Old TRIS Terms: Reduction
- Subject Areas: Highways; Research; Safety and Human Factors; Society; Vehicles and Equipment; I84: Personal Injuries; I91: Vehicle Design and Safety;
- Accession Number: 00343579
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: DOT-HS-805-907 Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: DTNH-22-80-C-06017
- Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Oct 28 1982 12:00AM