Literature Survey of Crude Oil Properties Relevant to Handling and Fire Safety in Transport: DOE/DOT Tight Crude Oil Flammability and Transportation Spill Safety Project

Several fiery rail accidents in 2013-2015 in the U.S. and Canada carrying crude oil produced from the Bakken region of North Dakota have raised questions at many levels on the safety of transporting this, and other types of crude oil, by rail. Sandia National Laboratories was commissioned by the U.S. Department of Energy to investigate the material properties of crude oils, and in particular the so-called “tight oils” like Bakken that comprise the majority of crude oil rail shipments in the U.S. at the current time. The current report is a literature survey of public sources of information on crude oil properties that have some bearing on the likelihood or severity of combustion events that may occur around spills associated with rail transport. The report also contains background information including a review of the notional “tight oil” field operating environment, as well a basic description of crude oils and potential combustion events in rail transport.

  • Record URL:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Sandia National Laboratories

    P.O. Box 5800
    Albuquerque, NM  United States  87185

    Department of Energy

    1000 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20585
  • Authors:
    • Lord, David
    • Luketa, Anay
    • Wocken, Chad
    • Schlasner, Steve
    • Aulich, Ted
    • Allen, Ray
    • Rudeen, David
  • Publication Date: 2015-3


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; Glossary; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 96p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01738942
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: SAND2015-1823
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 29 2020 11:00AM