Road Traffic Injuries in Poland: Magnitude and Risk Factors

This article considers the problem of road traffic crash injuries and fatalities in Poland, in the decade from 2004 to 2014. The authors note that Poland has one of the highest road fatality rates in relation to vehicle ownership in Europe, a rate that is two times higher than most other European Union countries. The authors conducted a secondary analysis of data available from Polish government reports, including those of the Prevention and Analysis Office of Road Traffic Headquarters of Police, National Road Safety Program-GAMBIT 2005, National Road Safety Program 2013 to 2020, and Strategy for Efficient State in 2020. The authors’ analyses included crash frequencies, time frame (day, month, and year of the occurrence), the place and the circumstances of fatal road crashes, the kind of event, and types of road crashes. The results found 475,591 traffic crashes on Polish roads during the time period under study. There were 52,217 fatalities and 597,191 people who suffered crash injuries. The authors describe their results, discussing traffic crash-related injuries as a leading cause of death; human factors in causing crashes, through failure to comply with road traffic rules, speeding, poor judgement in assessing road conditions, and lack of maintaining their vehicles; and the lack of adequate road infrastructure and how that contributes to crashes. The authors conclude by applauding current strategies of road safety being implemented in Poland and stress the importance of ongoing efforts to bring multidimensional solutions to this complex problem.


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  • Accession Number: 01742508
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 24 2020 2:55PM