The specific objectives of this study were to: 1) identify alternative public policies, or actions, that can potentially reduce energy consumption attributable to transportation services within an urban area; 2) estimate and evaluate the performance characteristics of alternative strategies for achieving reductions in energy consumption and in maintaining personal mobility; 3) assess the practical feasibility of applying selected strategies after considering their likely social and economic effects, their probable environmental consequences, and their judicial and administrative requirements; and 4) attempt to identify appropriate mixes of strategies, if they are to be had, that achieve energy conservation while still preserving relatively high levels of personal mobility, environmental quality, and social equity. This study identified and analyzed actions and policy instruments aimed at reducing fuel consumption in the transportation sector. The study area for the investigation was Houston and Harris County, Texas, which is a low density metropolitan area exhibiting a high dependence on the use of private automobiles as a means of transportation. Actions examined included direct restrictions on fuel purchasing; transportation pricing strategies; efforts to encourage transit ridership, ridesharing, and paratransit alternatives; and improvement of vehicular operating efficiencies. Both short-term contingency plans and longer-term plans for conservation were considered, as well as the institutional framework within which such plans could be carried out. Generally, it was found that application of a strategy incorporating a number of actions influencing both supply and demand for transportation could result in future fuel consumption significantly below current levels. However, the effect of transit in reducing fuel consumption, except in the long-term, seems likely to be marginal. With proper planning, short-term reductions in available fuel supplies may also be accomodated. (Author)

  • Corporate Authors:

    Rice Center

    9 Greenway Plaza, Suite 1900
    Houston, TX  United States  77046

    Urban Mass Transportation Administration

    400 7th Street, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Rowe, P G
    • Glenn, C W
  • Publication Date: 1980-11

Media Info

  • Pagination: 93 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00335705
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-TX-11-0010-81-2Final Rpt., 78-47
  • Contract Numbers: TX-11-0010
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Oct 28 1982 12:00AM