VEHICLE ENERGY DISSIPATION DUE TO ROAD ROUGHNESS

Road roughness and surface texture are known to affect tire rolling resistance; however, little emphasis has been placed on the consequent changes in total vehicle energy dissipation due to road roughness. Thus, tire rolling resistance, in isolation from vehicle contributed losses such as dissipation in the suspension, appears to be a weakness in present evaluation procedures as they relate to fuel economy and pollution level testing. Recent work by Funfsinn and Korst has shown that substantial and measurable increases in energy losses occur for vehicles travelling on rough roads. The present investigation uses vehicle axle accelerations as a means of examining various road surfaces. Correlation with computer simulations has allowed the development of a deterministic road roughness model which permits the prediction of energy dissipation in both the tire and suspension as functions of road roughness, tire pressure, and vehicle speed. Comparison to the experiments of Korst and Funfsinn results in good agreement and shows that total rolling loss increases of up to 20 percent compared to ideal smooth roads are possible. The aerodynamic drag coefficient is also found to increase while driving on rough roads. (Author/TRRL)

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Swets & Zeitlinger

    Heereweg 347B
    2161 CA Lisse,   Netherlands 
  • Authors:
    • VELINSKY, S A
    • WHITE, R A
  • Publication Date: 1980-12

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00334985
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 16 1981 12:00AM