A strategy study is described that was undertaken in the Netherlands in order to develop and test transport policies. The transport context was that of the decline of the traditional Dutch bicycle mode, since trip distances have increased, and the growth of car use, which has led to more-dangerous and congested traveling conditions. Promotion of bicycling and public transport and restraint of car use were therefore policy objectives. In the most recent study completed for preparation of policies for the early 1980's, a demand model was employed that used disaggregate data from the Amsterdam area collected in 1976. Several different strategies were investigated for shifting traffic from car to bicycle or public transport. Particular care was taken to ensure that policies tested were both technically and economically feasible. The findings indicate a number of interesting policy considerations. Aggregate study tests showed a considerable sensitivity to bicycle disutility; i.e., quicker or more-pleasant conditions caused a considerable shift toward the mode. Changes in the quality of public transport did not generally show much potential increase in demand, with the exception of one area of deficiency in Amsterdam in which improvements in the network produced a 10 percent increase in public transport use but car traffic decreased only 2 percent. The study indicated that an important influence on car use might be the introduction on an extensive scale of company buses, vanpools, and other similar arrangements. The economic feasibility of this option was not tested, however. The results of the study have to be looked at with some care, given some doubts as to the explanatory power of the models used. It is hoped that in future strategy studies a model can be used that will be based on a real understanding of the decision processes.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 17-21
  • Monograph Title: Travel Demand Models: Application, Limitations, and Quantitative Methods
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00334190
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309031192
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Oct 28 1981 12:00AM