DIRECT AND INDIRECT ENERGY COSTS OF COAL TRANSPORT BY ALTERNATIVE BULK COMMODITY MODES

A framework for analysis is presented which is applied to the quantification of the energy costs associated with bulk commodity transportation modes. Energy costs considered included direct operating costs, indirect costs for goods, capital and services and an estimation of natural system impacts. In particular, the total energy costs per unit of coal energy delivered by the alternative means of barges, railroads, pipelines and high-voltage transmission lines were evaluated.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Elsevier Science

    Radarweg 29, P.O. Box 211
    1043NX AE Amsterdam,   Netherlands 
  • Authors:
    • Zucchetto, J
    • BAYLEY, S
    • SHAPIRO, L
    • Mau, D
    • Nessel, J
  • Publication Date: 1980-7

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00331543
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Engineering Index
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 12 1981 12:00AM