EVALUATION OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS FOR CARS

All occupants in a car, children and adults, can and should be restrained. (VIth Int. Conf. of I.A.A.T.M., 1977) The undoubted benefits of seat restraints in the event of a road crash are proven (Trinca, 1979) and total restraint of all occupants removes the threat of strapped occupants being subjected to excessive loading from unrestrained occupants. In no country have desired levels of wearing been reached without enactment of legislation making such use mandatory (Berard Andersen, 1978). Where laws have excluded children the wearing rate for children has been much lower. In all countries with or without compulsory wearing laws the wearing rate for young children has been significantly less than that for adults. Too many young children have been denied the benefit of restraint systems. In Australia where parents accept mandatory restraint for children, child restraint legislation has lagged behind that for adults and today there is still no uniformity of laws for children under 8 years of age (Boughton, 1978). However, by law all cars must have approved anchorage points for child restraints. In the U.S.A. there is as yet no effective seat restraint law, only 7% of children are restrained (cf. adult rate 14%) when they travel and the highest death rate for child passengers is in the first year of life (Baker, 1979). Children run more risk of death or injury travelling unrestrained in a car than being hit by a car whilst crossing a road (Vulcan, 1978). Unrestrained children in the front seat are twice as likely to be killed or injured as those in the rear compartment. Many adults do not appreciate the fact that restraining arms holding a child on the lap are totally inadequate in protecting a child in a road crash (Journal of Traffic Medicine, 1979).

Media Info

  • Pagination: p. 99-107

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00331215
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-032 500
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Aug 15 1981 12:00AM