ELASTICITY MEASURES OF BEHAVIORAL RESPONSE TO OFF-PEAK FREE-FARE TRANSIT

Changes in transit ridership behavior in response to the elimination of off-peak transit fares are examined. Empirically, the analysis is based on data collected for a one-year free-fare demonstration sponsored by the Urban Mass Transportation Administration in Trenton, New Jersey. Fare elasticity of demand is used as the measure of behavioral response. Important to the analysis is the clarification of distinctions among different measures of fare elasticity. In order to both illustrate the differences among types of elasticity and demonstrate the separate impact attributable to the choice of estimating technique, several techniques are applied and their results compared. It is concluded that the demand response to fare elimination is inelastic and that variations among individuals in the extent of response cannot be associated with differences in socioeconomic characteristics. Free fare is therefore judged not to be a direct means of fulfilling the transportation needs of socio-economically defined population groups. (Author)

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 7-14
  • Monograph Title: Public transportation planning
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00331050
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309031036
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Oct 28 1982 12:00AM