Recent developments in air travel demand may have been unprecedented and unpredictable, for two reasons: (1) Changes in exchange rates and relative cost of living levels have facilitated travel to the United States; and (2) The deregulation of the U.S. domestic airline industry and the moves toward deregulation of some international markets hve resulted in many discount fares. The second of these two factors may have resulted in a more dramatic and dramatized immediate effect, but the first is likely to have a more important and lasting effect. The first factor results in a dramatic decline in the value of the dollar and a consequent increase, in real terms, of travel costs to U.S. travelers, and the opposite for overseas travelers, particularly in Europe but also including Japan. The effect is a change in the mix of international travelers with a significantly higher proportion of non-U.S. travelers, which will have possible long range impacts in terms of airport operation on federal inspection facilities (F.I.S.), access, and passenger facilitation and processing activities. The second factor has brought about some increase in overall traffic, but mostly in vacation and other nonbusiness categories. (The increase has not been very high.) But more importantly, the following changes may be occurring that have had an impact on airport services: (1) changes in route structure; (2) new routes, internationalization of airports hitherto domestic; (3) aircraft technology/compatibility; (4) higher seating densities and higher load factors; (5) increased standby and long lead time passengers; and (6) shifting seasonality effects. (Author)

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00330232
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Apr 15 1981 12:00AM