After giving a brief introduction to the Australian National Line, the author describes the development of ANL's deep-sea Ro-Ro operations, and answers the question posed by the Conference, "Ro-Ro--where to now?" As ANL is involved in both Ro-Ro and lo-lo in deep-sea trades, the Line is in a good position to compare and evaluate the two systems. The relative merits and de-merits of lo-lo and Ro-Ro differ according to the trade that is being served. It is widely held that Ro-Ro is the best answer for a developing service, but once terminals have been properly established, it must give way to lo-lo. A cellular ship operation as a rule is highly efficient, simple and straightforward, but can also be expensive and inflexible. Nevertheless in balance trades, offering full container cargoes on a regular basis, and ports of call where terminal throughputs justify high capital outlay, lo-lo is superior to most Ro-Ro services. Large deep-sea Ro-Ro ships have more flexibility to service a total trade, but are highly complicated by comparison with lo-lo vessels, requiring more people and closer supervision during cargo handling operations. Cargo handling rates are higher than with conventional vessels, but fall very much short of cellular ship handling rates.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Paper presented at the 2nd Terminal Operations Conference, Amsterdam, June 1980.
  • Authors:
  • Publication Date: 1980-6

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00330061
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: International Cargo Handling Coordination Assn
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 15 1981 12:00AM