SPECIAL STUDY. A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO PIPELINE SAFETY. ADOPTED: MAY 25, 1972
Recommendations to the pipeline industry and to the U.S. Department of Transportation concern the use of an approach developed for the aerospace and aviation fields for analysis of system safety to prevent accidents. There are essentially three basic techniques: (1) hazard analysis (addressing the total system from the standpoint of energy sources that can be out of control), (2) logic tree or fault tree analysis (selecting one or more events that cannot be allowed to occur as the undesired event, then further analyzing these events to determine the subevent that could cause the postulated accident), and (3) failure mode and effect analysis (examining each component of the system to determine how it could fail and the impact of that failure upon the system). A review of past pipeline accidents indicates that analysis of the hazards in the pipeline systems prior to the accidents would have identified problems that eventually caused accidents.
Washington, DC United States 20594
- Publication Date: 1972
- Pagination: 17 p.
- TRT Terms: Environmental impacts; Pipeline safety; Pollution control; Safety engineering
- Subject Areas: Environment; Marine Transportation; Pipelines; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00056178
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: American Petroleum Institute
- Report/Paper Numbers: #NTSB-PSS-72-1
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jul 15 1974 12:00AM