This paper traces the evolution and behaviour of specialised bulk markets and the development of specialised shipment of bulk commodities. In the period 1965 to 1975 the demands placed upon shipping necessitated change and innovation, and this period saw growth in every perceivable manner in the dry bulk trades. The dual outcome, as the industry searched for economy and efficiency, were an increasing move toward the bulking of cargoes, and subsequently a higher degree of vessel and trade specialisation. Such developments came to an end by 1975, after which there was a slowdown in both innovation and investment due to over-tonnaging as a result of high freight markets in the early 70's. Some shipping services demonstrate considerable technological innovation in the application of bulking techniques, particularly in the fields of ship design and the cargo handling function. Future growth in minor bulk trades, the emergence of "new" bulks and the application of new technology will encourage the development of more new types of specialised ships.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Paper presented at the West European Conference on Marine Technology, Sandefjord, June 1980.
  • Corporate Authors:

    International Cargo Handling Coordination Assn

    Abford House, 15 Wilton Road
    London SW1V 1LX,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Yolland, J B
  • Publication Date: 1980

Media Info

  • Pagination: 19 p.
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00330052
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: International Cargo Handling Coordination Assn
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 15 1981 12:00AM