DRIVER BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH - NEEDS AND PRIORITIES
Driver behaviour research is defined as research directed at describing, classifying, understanding and predicting the behaviour of the driver in the operation of the road transport system. Evaluating the effectiveness of driver control measures is thus excluded from this review. The "task--demand" and "cognitive--motivational" models of driver behaviour are examined to bring out the influence of personal factors in driver decision - making, risk - taking and hence actual on-road behaviour. A case is made for a greater research effort into the behavioural, as well as the situational, determinants of variability in on-road behaviour. Research into individual differences is then reviewed, covering personality, skills and driving style. A case is made for more research into transient states rather than "personality" traits; composite measures of perceptual functioning rather than basic visual and motor abilities; and the systematic investigation of normative patterns of on-road driving behaviour. Major research needs identified include a shift in emphasis from accident - related to normal behaviour; systematic, observational studies to describe and classify behavioural patterns, including the role of task - related and personal factors in behavioural variability; a re-examination of driving aids in terms of their in-service performance, as distinct from their ergonomic soundness; and an assessment of the implications of "common" conditions such as fatigue and impairment by alcohol on system design and management (a). (TRRL)
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ARRB Group Ltd.Vermont South, Victoria Australia
- Johnston, I R
- Perry, D R
- Publication Date: 1980-5
- Features: Figures; References;
- Pagination: 39 p.
- Publication of: Australian Road Research Board
- Publisher: ARRB Group Ltd.
- ISSN: 1445-4467
- TRT Terms: Aptitude; Behavior; Decision making; Driver performance; Drivers; Driving; Drunk drivers; Drunk driving; Ergonomics; Evaluation and assessment; Fatigue (Physiological condition); Forecasting; Hazards; Motor skills; Perception; Personality; Personnel performance; Planning; Psychological aspects; Risk assessment; Risk taking; State of the art reports; Stress (Psychology); Vision
- Old TRIS Terms: Driver vision; Psychomotor stress
- ITRD Terms: 9001: Behaviour; 2248: Decision process; 1772: Driver; 2226: Driving aptitude; 9020: Evaluation (assessment); 2229: Perception; 2258: Personality; 143: Planning; 2259: Risk taking; 2205: Skill (road user); 8588: State of the art report
- Subject Areas: Highways; Planning and Forecasting; Safety and Human Factors; I83: Accidents and the Human Factor;
- Accession Number: 00329640
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: ARRB Group Ltd.
- Files: HSL, ITRD, TRIS, ATRI
- Created Date: May 21 1981 12:00AM