Experimental Investigation of High Performing Protective Shell Used for Retrofitting Bridge Elements

The bridge structure elements are exposed to severe environmental conditions which causes reduction in service life and durability that may require repair and retrofit. In this project, thin shells of Ultra High Performance Concrete (UHPC) are used to retrofit damaged portions of bridge elements. UHPC shells are beneficial for protection against deleterious environmental conditions. The application of these shells is suited for retrofitting due to easy installation, design for variety of shapes, increasing the strength of element, and reducing time and cost. In this project, thirteen beam specimens were tested under three-point flexure tests for verification of the proposed retrofitting method. These test beams included an undamaged, damaged and retrofitted beams in different configurations. The damage scenarios in beam are simulated by varying concrete and steel area loss. The test variables include shell thickness, configuration and interface between UHPC and regular concrete. The configuration of additional UHPC shell was either applied to a flushed or an unflushed surface. The preparation of interface was done by sand blasting and use of mechanical connectors. The results show that the UHPC shell concept to repair damaged bridge element is a promising concept. A comparison of retrofitted beams shows an increase in the flexure capacity of the beam compared to damaged beams. Retrofitting of beams prepared with sand blasting provided adequate bond between UHPC shell and regular concrete. Based on experimental results, a numerical and analytical study will be used to find the most feasible detail for UHPC shell. Additional testing is required to validate and develop methodologies for real life application and provision of design recommendations for retrofitting with UHPC shells.

  • Record URL:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This research was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Transportation, University Transportation Centers Program.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Florida International University, Miami

    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
    10555 West Flagler Street
    Miami, FL  United States  33174

    Accelerated Bridge Construction University Transportation Center (ABC-UTC)

    Florida International University
    10555 W. Flagler Street
    Miami, FL  United States  33174

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Valikhani, Alireza
  • Publication Date: 2018-6


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 16p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01719070
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Created Date: Aug 30 2019 10:57AM