Incorporating Impact of Aging on Cracking Performance of Mixtures during Design

Aging can significantly affect the properties of asphalt binders and mixtures, causing increase in stiffness, reduction in relaxation capability, and increase in brittleness. Eleven mixtures were evaluated in this project using different laboratory conditioning protocols to evaluate how the properties of asphalt binders and mixtures, including rheological properties, fatigue, and fracture behavior will change over time. Comparisons between different aging levels, binders and mixture properties are conducted by using complex modulus (E*), Simplified Viscoelastic Continuum Damage (S-VECD) approach, Semi Circular Bending (SCB) and Disk Shaped Compact Tension (DCT) fracture tests on mix, and 4 mm Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR) test on binder. By employing the various performance indices of asphalt mixtures and binders measured from the tests, the aging and cracking susceptibility of the mixtures and binders are quantitatively evaluated and investigated. The results show that the two virgin binders and mixtures generally show the good cracking performance after each aging condition. The binders and mixtures with the softer grade and the largest difference between performance grade (PG) high and low temperatures typically have good cracking performance originally, however, they show higher aging susceptibility compared with other materials. Finally, based on the findings from the testing and analysis, suggestions and guidance are developed for the New Hampshire Department of Transportation (NHDOT) to quantitatively evaluate the aging and cracking susceptibility of asphalt binders and mixtures during material selection and mixture design incorporating the impact of aging.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 274p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01716004
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA-NH-RD-26962O
  • Contract Numbers: 26962O, A004(534)
  • Files: NTL, TRIS, ATRI, USDOT, STATEDOT
  • Created Date: Aug 28 2019 12:03PM