National hydrogen strategy: hydrogen for transport

Transport is Australia’s second largest source of greenhouse gas emissions. Vehicle exhaust is a known carcinogen and accounts for around 1500 premature deaths in Australia each year. A hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) only emits water, making FCEVs an emerging zero-emissions alternative for the transport sector. Australia imports 90% of the liquid fuel we use. International markets provide competitively priced fuels for Australia, but relying on imports introduces some energy security risks. In a separate but related issue, Australia does not currently meet the 90-day net oil import stockholdings required by the International Energy Agency to facilitate global oil security, though it has a plan to return to compliance. There are a range of options for reducing fuel consumption to improve air quality, reduce carbon emissions and strengthen energy security, including FCEVs, battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and hybrids (internal combustion engine (ICE) or FCEV hybrids). The consumer experience and merits of these options varies and all could play complementary roles in the future transport system. California, a state with around twice as many new car sales per year as Australia, has an established market for hydrogen cars and associated refuelling infrastructure. China, Japan and South Korea all have national hydrogen strategies and are manufacturing hydrogen vehicles. Hydrogen is being used for all modes of transport, including trucks in North America, passenger trains in Germany, ferries in the United Kingdom and buses in China. The transport sector includes road, rail, aviation, and maritime sectors for both passenger transport and freight. This paper focuses on transport sectors that are expected to include a hydrogen-fuelled variant by 2030 – aviation has therefore not been included for further discussion.


  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 16p
  • Serial:
    • Issue Number: 8

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01714721
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB Group Limited
  • Files: ATRI
  • Created Date: Aug 26 2019 11:22AM