The state of the art of parking management in urban areas in the United States was established using an extensive review of the literature and a nationwide questionnaire survey that was distributed to 458 city officials, 173 of whom responded. Based on the information thus obtained, key elements of parking management were identified including groups affected and impacts of parking, descriptions of various strategies, the need for management, and problems encountered with implementing parking controls. A detailed evaluation of 17 strategies and 9 support measures was performed, and a practical set of guidelines that can be used by planners and traffic engineers for selecting and evaluating parking management measures was developed. A list of reference materials was provided to aid transportation engineers locate additional information sources. It was concluded that parking management strategies are not being used on an areawide basis; however, several measures, including residential parking permit programs, in-lieu parking regulations, and park and ride lots, provide potential benefits for most urban areas. Field evaluations of parking strategies are needed to determine the effectiveness of these measures and to promote their use in transportation plans. (FHWA)

  • Record URL:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Virginia Highway and Transportation Research Council

    Charlottesville, VA  United States 

    Virginia Department of Highways

    Traffic and Planning Division, 1221 East Broad Street
    Richmond, VA  United States  23219

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Parker Jr, M R
    • Demetsky, M J
  • Publication Date: 1980-8

Media Info

  • Pagination: 147 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00334350
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA-VA-81-9 Final Rpt.
  • Contract Numbers: 1584
  • Created Date: Aug 15 1982 12:00AM