Meta-Analysis of Adaptive Cruise Control Applications: Operational and Environmental Benefits

With the increasing adoption of adaptive cruise control (ACC) and development of cooperative adaptive cruise control (CACC), their effect on traffic, energy, and emissions is an ever more urgent question. Using the rapidly growing body of research on these impacts, this report presents a systematic review and meta-analysis of 67 recent studies. The majority were simulation studies with a few field tests. While the assumptions and methodology between studies in the review differ widely, a meta-analysis of maximum reported capacity improvements and fuel savings confirmed that CACC applications tend to increase capacity and fuel savings over manual driving due to shortened following time gaps and greater string stability from connectivity. In contrast, ACC applications do not always show capacity improvements, and if so, these improvements are more modest on average than for CACC systems. The authors found that ACC systems do, however, appear to smooth driving through less braking and reduced hard acceleration events such that fuel consumption is reduced, but not on average as much as CACC systems.

  • Record URL:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Volpe National Transportation Systems Center

    55 Broadway
    Cambridge, MA  United States  02142

    Department of Transportation

    Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office
    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Eilbert, Andrew
    • Berg, Ian
    • Smith, Scott B
  • Publication Date: 2019-6


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 29p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01715727
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA-JPO-18-743, DOT-VNTSC-OSTR-19-02
  • Contract Numbers: DTFH61-15-V-00022 HW9EA4
  • Created Date: Aug 20 2019 4:21PM