Comparative Responses of the PIPER 6YO Human Body Model and the Q6 ATD for Simulated Frontal and Lateral Impacts

Adult and pediatric human body models have focused on developing accurate representation of the human body in terms of anthropometry and kinetics/kinematics in correlation with published PMHS (Post-Mortem Human Subjects) data. This study focuses on comparing the PIPER 6-year-old human body finite element (FE) model with a Q6 FE model to generate comparable metrics. The FE models were simulated in a vehicle environment by positioning them on two different child booster seats with a 3-point lap-shoulder belt for frontal and lateral impacts. The overall kinematic response (head excursion) of the PIPER human body model (HBM) mimics the behavior of the Q6 ATD. However, there is a significant difference in the NIJ values between the PIPER HBM and Q6 ATD (minimum reduction of 67% in PIPER HBM). The head-neck complex of the PIPER is seen to be more flexible (minimum reduction of 12% in neck forces and 64% in neck moments) as compared to the Q6.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Abstract reprinted with permission of SAE International.
  • Authors:
    • Sarfare, Shreyas
    • Maheshwari, Jalaj
    • Duong, Nhat
    • Belwadi, Aditya
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 2018-11-12


  • English

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  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: References;

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01714548
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: SAE International
  • Report/Paper Numbers: SC18-22-0006
  • Files: TRIS, SAE
  • Created Date: Aug 12 2019 4:36PM