A VESSEL CLASS COMPARISON OF PHYSIOLOGICAL, AFFECTIVE STATE AND PSYCHOMOTOR PERFORMANCE CHANGES IN MEN AT SEA
A field study was conducted to compare the influence of vessel motions, characteristic to a 89' Navy experimental Small Waterplane Area Twin Hull (SWATH) vessel, a 95' Coast Guard Patrol Boat and a 378' Coast Guard High Endurance Cutter, upon motion sickness incidence and severity, physiological indices of stress, affective state and psychomotor performance in male Coast Guardsmen. Psychomotor performance (Navigation Plotting, Complex Counting, Code Substitution, Spoke Test, Time Estimation and Critical Tracking), motion sickness symptomatology, urine output and specific gravity, stress hormone excretion, heart and sweat rate, and subject mood were repeatedly sampled for eight hours a day during three control days at dockside and three days at sea as the vessels steamed side-by-side in four-hour octogonal patterns about a wave measurement bouy. All vessels were instrumented with accelerometers to continuously record vertical, lateral and longitudinal accelerations within the test compartments located below decks amidships and roll, pitch and heave motions at the vessel centers of gravity. Results show that subjects who were exposed to the motion environment aboard the Patrol Boat as it steamed through sea state 3 conditions suffered severe motion sickness which was associated with physiological stress, slight deterioration in mood and small to moderate decrements in psychomotor task performance. The SWATH vessel although close in size to the Patrol Boat, produced an acceleration environment similar to that experienced aboard the much larger High Endurance Cutter. As a result no motion sickness, stress, mood deterioration or performance task decrements were found aboard either the SWATH vessel or High Endurance Cutter. Changes found in motion sickness symptomatology severity, physiological stress, mood state and task performance aboard the Patrol Boat were examined for relationships between motion sickness severity, accelerometer records and other independent variables. Relationships found are presented and are compared with previous laboratory motion generator and field study findings. Limited recommendations are made with regard to vessel ride quality design criteria.
United States Coast Guard2100 Second Street, SW
Washington, DC United States 20593
- Wiker, S F
- Pepper, R L
- McCauley, M E
- Publication Date: 1980-8-1
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 373 p.
- TRT Terms: Accelerometers; Motion; Motion sickness; Patrol boats; Personnel performance; Ship motion; Stress (Psychology); Studies; SWATH ships; Tolerance (Physiology); Tolerance (Psychology)
- Old TRIS Terms: Human performance; Motion studies; Tolerance (Physiological); Tolerance (Psychological)
- Subject Areas: Education and Training; Marine Transportation; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00331942
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: CG-D-07-81 Final Rpt.
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: May 21 1981 12:00AM