The problem of proper cargo securing in road transport – case study

Incorrect securing of cargo or lack of security is the cause of several hundred accidents a year and yet the issue of securing goods is neglected by drivers. The cargo carried in the vehicle becomes the object of interest of the control services only when the load leaves the vehicle in an uncontrolled manner. This is due to the fact that the provisions for securing cargo in road transport are very general and do not specify how it should be secured. The general provisions of law also mean that the majority of transport participants consider that it is impossible to check the correctness of the load securing. The article analyzes the fixing of free-standing cargo using fastening belts. The protection was made by method top-over lashing. The number of fastening belts should be determined by these methods: on the basis of tables prepared by fastening belts manufacturers (Dolezyh), analytical calculations using the formulas contained in the DIN – EN12195/2, and using the “IMO model course 3.18. Safe packing of CTU’s. Quick lashing guide road+sea area A”. Differences in the number of lashing selected using the above methods are indicated. Methods have been described for reducing the amount of fastening belts necessary. In the following part, the analysis of the force distribution in the fastening belt-load combination in the top‐over lashing method was performed. The analysis was used to indicate the simplifications in the formulas allowing calculation of the force pressing the load to the ground. The real impact of the fastening belts on the load causing uneven stress distribution on the ground and decrease of forces in the fastening belts on the edges of the load are described.


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  • Accession Number: 01715027
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 2 2019 3:28PM