Non-regulatory parameters effect on consumption and emissions from a diesel-powered van over the WLTC

The effect of various non-regulatory parameters on a vehicle’s performance and emissions is investigated in this study, i.e. road grade, presence of crosswinds, surface wetness, tire pressure and use of the vehicle’s auxiliary systems. The vehicle under study is a diesel-powered turbocharged light commercial vehicle, running on the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Cycles (WLTC) 3–2 cycle; comparison with the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) is also provided. The results derive from a computational code based on an engine-mapping approach applying experimentally derived correction coefficients accounting for transient operation. The engine code is coupled to a vehicle model that calculates the main longitudinal dynamic parameters (tire rolling resistance, aerodynamic performance, gearbox efficiency) on a fundamental basis. Soot and nitrogen monoxide are the examined pollutants, with fuel and energy consumption and CO₂ emissions computed and discussed too. From the parameters examined, road grade was found to have the greatest impact on emissions (CO₂: +116.8%, NO: +107.2%, Soot: +100.7%, for the maximum road grade examined of 8%), followed by wind speed (CO₂: +38.9%, NO: +33.6%, Soot: +12%, for the maximum wind speed examined of 80 km/h). Auxiliary power demand can have a considerable effect, mostly on fuel consumption/CO₂ emissions (+13.7% for maximum auxiliary power demand of 5000 W); the impact of tire inflation pressure and surface wetness is comparably smaller. Among the two driving cycles, the WLTC proved to be more ‘sensitive’ to road load changes, due to the broader speed range encompassed and its highly transient nature, compared to the softer NEDC.


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  • Accession Number: 01717516
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 2 2019 3:11PM