Special Crash Investigations On-Site Ambulance Crash Investigation Vehicle: 2011 Ford E-350 Type III Ambulance Location: Ohio Crash Date: September 2016

This report documents the on-site investigation of the crash of a 2011 Ford E-350 Type III ambulance and the sources of the injuries sustained by the driver, paramedic, and patient. Additional focus is the cot transporting the patient and its securement system. This crash occurred in the intersection of a two-lane State highway and a two-lane rural roadway. The ambulance was a rear-wheel-drive, cutaway van equipped with a Type III ambulance body manufactured by Life Star Rescue, Inc. An unbelted 45-year-old female driver occupied the cab of the vehicle. An unbelted 42-year-old male paramedic and 45-year-old female patient occupied the patient compartment. The patient was secured on a Stryker model 6083 MX-Pro bariatric transport cot. The ambulance was conducting a non-emergency transport of the patient and was operating without the emergency lights and siren activated. The ambulance was in the southbound lane approaching the four-way intersection of the rural roadway. A 2013 Dodge Journey was traveling on the rural roadway in the westbound lane, also approaching the intersection. The police crash report stated that the Dodge failed to stop for the stop sign and entered the intersection. The front plane of the ambulance then struck the right plane of the Dodge (Event 1). The impact deployed the ambulance’s two frontal air bags. The impact also resulted in displacement of the patient cot from its secured location. The rail clamp securement bar on the cot fractured and separated, and the head-end wheels of the cot were not secured since their track was wider than the antler bracket. The impact caused the Dodge to rotate counterclockwise and the ambulance to rotate clockwise, resulting in the right plane of the Dodge striking the left plane of the ambulance (Event 2). Both vehicles then departed the southwest corner of the intersection and the ambulance rolled over (Event 3) onto its left plane and then rolled back up onto its wheels to final rest heading south, a total of two quarter turns. The Dodge came to final rest in a corn field heading south. The unbelted driver of the ambulance was ejected through the disintegrated left front glazing during the crash. She was airlifted to a hospital where she was pronounced deceased 5 hours and 7 minutes following the crash. The paramedic and patient sustained police-reported “A” (incapacitating) injuries. The paramedic was airlifted to a hospital where he was admitted. The patient was transported by ambulance to a hospital and treated in the emergency room, then transferred back to the originating hospital, and admitted. The Dodge was occupied by a restrained 48-year-old male. He sustained police-reported “B” (non-incapacitating) injuries and was transported by ambulance to a hospital. His level of treatment is not known. Both vehicles were towed from the crash scene due to damage.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Photos; Tables;
  • Pagination: 81p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01715418
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: DOT HS 812 710, IN16025
  • Contract Numbers: DTNH22-12-C-00270
  • Created Date: Jul 31 2019 8:27AM