When Autonomous Vehicles are Hacked, Who is Liable?

Researchers at RAND studied several aspects of changes in responsibilities that may accompany the advent of autonomous vehicles (AVs). With regard to the automotive, legal, insurance , and technology industries, the authors considered who might face civil liability if AVs are hacked in order to steal data or inflict damage. The authors explored civil legal theories that may apply in such scenarios as ransomware attacks, damage to government property, cyber attacks on connected highways, and information theft from AVs, and examined the effects on manufacturers of AVs and components, AV dealers, and corporate and private AV owners. The authors found that except for large cyberattacks, existing civil legal structures are flexible enough to apply to hacked AV cases, though clarification on both insurance and liability coverage is needed. There is also need for research on the ability of the insurance system to compensate for a large cyberattack.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Bibliography; Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: 169p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01712060
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9781977403230
  • Report/Paper Numbers: RR-2654-RC
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 17 2019 10:47AM