Regulatory Pathways for Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandates

This briefing describes regulatory actions to spur the deployment of zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs). Many governments understand the potential of ZEVs in achieving goals in air quality management, climate mitigation, economic development, and energy security, and are considering what combination of policies, regulations, incentives, infrastructural innovation, and awareness campaigns can aid the transition to ZEVs. While governments in the leading ZEV market countries are developing such combinations in ZEV promotion, they also rely on key policies to transform the vehicle market. ZEV mandates are at the core of policies propelling early adoption of these vehicles. While mandates on manufacturers consist of strong policy measures to encourage the widespread supply of ZEV models, leading ZEV markets are also deploying targeted policies to encourage vehicle electrification. The twenty-five largest metropolitan ZEV markets account for only 12% of worldwide sales of light-vehicles, but they constitute 44% of the global ZEV market through 2017. These cities and their national governments have implemented decisive measures, including mandates for electric vehicle procurement in public vehicle fleets, preferential registration and licensing for ZEVs, and planning for zero-emission traffic zones. In this paper the authors summarize regulatory paths linked to efforts to reduce air pollution, fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Air quality and climate benefits are produced by following any of these paths, but some of these regulatory paths directly impel ZEVs into the market, and while others are not explicit ZEV mandates, they have similar effects on the market. To aid the implementation of such policies, the authors will describe in a companion paper how such regulatory frameworks can be enabled in India.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Briefing
  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: 7p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01718002
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 16 2019 11:55AM