The Effect of the Road Environment on Road Safety in Poland

Roadside-related crashes occur when vehicles run off the road. The majority of the crashes have severe outcomes, because running off the road usually involves hitting a fixed barrier (tree, pole, supports, front wall of a culvert, barrier). Statistical data were analysed to identify the share of roadside-related crashes within overall accidents and victims. Types of roadside-related crashed are identified. Road categories are distinguished where these problems prevail as well as the particular regions of Poland where roadside-related crashes are a high risk. Further in the paper, the main roadside hazards are identified that increase the severity of accidents. Examples of hazards on different road categories are included. Next, methods are presented that help solve the problems. Road safety management actions are identified at three levels: strategic, tactical and operational. Finally, an outline is given of models that describe the effects of selected road and traffic factors on road safety measures. A description is presented of one of the models which addresses the effect of safety barriers of road safety.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; Illustrations; Maps; Tables;
  • Pagination: 13p
  • Monograph Title: Proceedings of the 25th World Road Congress - Seoul 2015: Roads and Mobility - Creating New Value from Transport

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01715866
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9782840604235
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 5 2019 4:31PM