Identifying Vehicle and Collision Impact by Applying the Principle of Conservation of Mechanical Energy

Various methodologies and tools applied to identification of vehicle and collision impact seek to present more and more accurate solutions to reproduce, restore, recreate and investigate the casualty. Modern computer technology and software provide the tools to solve specific problems developing mathematical modelling of complex mechanical systems involving vehicles and other objects in a road accident. Scientists generally utilize the Standard Test Method for Impact Testing calculating the energy of deformation of both vehicles, however, one of its limitations is the evaluation of the kinetic energy of the vehicles in post-collision taking into consideration vehicle rotation and linear displacement. To improve the analysis, dynamic traffic simulation is used, taking into account the variations in the coefficient of friction, suspension elasticity and damping. The proposed method is based on a system of two equations derived from two principles: the Principle of Conservation of Mechanical Energy and the Principle of Conservation of Momentum in the impact phase. The new approach is conducted on mathematical modelling and computer simulation of vehicle motion after the impact, wherefrom the linear and angular velocities are analysed. This is achieved by the numerical solution of the differential equations of motion of the cars after the impact, and the given initial conditions that satisfy the solution are used to solve the system of equations. The main findings of the study can be grouped as follows: 1) The positions of the vehicles prior to the moment of first impact and the post-impact orientation of velocity vectors are more precise. 2) The variability of the tire-road friction coefficient is taken into consideration. 3) The value of coefficient of restitution according to Newton’s theory of impact is unnecessarily determined.


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  • Accession Number: 01716585
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 1 2019 5:00PM