The Surge of Electric Vehicles in United States Cities

This is the 2019 update to ICCT's annual survey of state actions promoting electric vehicles (EVs) in the United States. The 2018 EV market is analyzed, including market data, policy implementation, infrastructure developments, and market trends. The main focus is on the 50 most populous metropolitan areas, comprising 55% percent of the nation’s population and accounting for 80% of the 2018 EV market. The global market for EVs continues to expand, with sales of light-duty EVs passing 2 million in 2018, an increase of 70% from 2017. In the U.S, the third largest EV market, sales of EVs increased from about 200,000 in 2017 to more than 350,000 in 2018, with 65% being battery EVs (BEVs) and 35% being plug-in hybrid EVs (PHEVs). Technological advances and lower battery costs are enabling manufacturers to market cheaper, longer-range models. New PHEV models were introduced in the United States in late 2018, with additional all-electric models available in 2019. Government support at state and local levels varies greatly across the country. California and the other nine states that have adopted the Zero Emission Vehicle regulation, which requires growth in electric vehicle numbers through 2025, continue to implement a wide range of policies while having the largest sales of EVs. These policies include consumer incentives, infrastructural innovations, and awareness programs. Such policies are helping to overcome the barriers to EV adoption, such as high initial costs, and lack of awareness of the benefits of EVs.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Briefing
  • Features: Figures; Maps; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 16p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01715268
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 25 2019 9:53AM